如何写求职信

All cover letters
should:
  Explain why you
are sending a resume
.
Don’t send a resume without a cover letter. 
Don’t make the reader guess what you are asking for; be specific:
Do you want a summer internship opportunity, or a permanent position
at graduation; are you inquiring about future employment possibilities?
  Tell specifically
how you learned about the position or the organization

a flyer posted in your department, a web site, a family friend who
works at the organization. It is appropriate to mention the name of
someone who suggested that you write.
  Convince the reader
to look at your resume.

The cover letter will be seen first.
Therefore, it must be very well written and targeted to that employer.
  Call attention to
elements of your background
— education, leadership,
experience — that are relevant to a position you are seeking.
Be as specific as possible, using examples.
  Reflect your attitude,
personality, motivation, enthusiasm, and communication skills.
  Provide or refer
to any information specifically requested
in a job advertisement
that might not be covered in your resume, such as availability date,
or reference to an attached writing sample.
  Indicate what you
will do to
follow-up.
  In a letter of application
— applying for an advertised opening — applicants often
say something like “I look forward to hearing from you.”
However, if you have further contact info (e.g. phone number) and
if the employer hasn’t said “no phone calls,” it’s better
to take the initiative to follow-up, saying something like, “I
will contact you in the next two weeks to see if you require any additional
information regarding my qualifications.”
  In a letter of inquiry
— asking about the possibility of an opening — don’t assume
the employer will contact you. You should say something like, “I
will contact you in two weeks to learn more about upcoming employment
opportunities with (name of organization).”  Then mark your
calendar to make the call.
  Sample Cover
Letter Format Guidelines
(below).
   
Cover letters generally
fall into one of two categories:
1. Letter of application:
applying for a specific, advertised opening. See:
  Sample 3.1:  letter
of application following personal meeting, hard copy version
  Sample 3.2: letter of application
for advertised position, e-mail version
  Sample 3.3: letter of application
for advertised position, e-mail version
  Sample 3.4: letter of application
for advertised position, hard copy version
2. Letter of inquiry:
expressing interest in an organization, but you are not certain if
there are current openings. See:
  Sample 3.5:  letter
of inquiry about employment possibilities, e-mail version
  Sample 3.6:  letter
of inquiry about internship opportunities, hard copy version
   
Information-seeking
letters and follow-up
  To draft an effective cover
letter, you need to indicate that you know something about the employing
organization.  Sometimes, even with research efforts, you don’t
have enough information to do this. In such a case it is appropriate
to write requesting information.
  See Sample 4.1:  Information
seeking letter, hard copy version
.
  After you receive
the desired information
you can then draft a follow-up letter
that:
 
  • Thanks the sender for the information;
  • Markets why you would be a good job candidate
    for that organization based on the information; and
  • Explains why you are sending your resume.
  See Sample 5.2:  Follow
up letter to information seeking meeting
.

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